The act of copying includes:
If you carry out any of the above acts, please think about copyright!
If you have any queries, please contact the Copyright Librarian.
Anyone may copy an "insubstantial" part of a published work (around 5-10%) for private study. Unfortunately, however, copyright law does not define what is meant by "insubstantial". You must make a judgement about what you would consider as fair if it was your work. The concept of 'fair dealing' will help with this - see the box below.
"Fair dealing" is a legal concept which allows copying for certain specific reasons. It allows any individual to make photocopies of, normally, an "insubstantial" amount of a work, under certain circumstances.
Bear in mind that the significance of the extract you use to the publication it is from is as important as the quantity you use when considering how much to reproduce.
The copy is not "fair" unless the answer to all four of the following questions is "yes":
It is essential to give a full acknowledgement of the source of any material copied in this way wherever this is possible.
*Based on or quoted from: Gov.uk (2014) Guidance: Exceptions to copyright. Available from https://www.gov.uk/guidance/exceptions-to-copyright#fair-dealing. Licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0 (Accessed 1 September 2017)
'23C3: Powerpoint Karaoke - Pie chart which resembles Pac-man' by svenjas (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) Accessed from Flickr 09/07/2015