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Postgraduate Management and MBAs

Explore this guide using the menu on the left to help you choose the right information source for your work. Contact your librarian if you need help or advice.

Key Citing and Referencing Tools

Printed book version of Cite Them Right Online

Citing and Referencing at Cass

Accurate citing and referencing is good academic practice, it enhances the presentation of your work, and can improve your marks. At Cass, we use Harvard Style. Citations should be given in the form of the author’s surname and the year in brackets in the text wherever you have used other people’s work. Library Services provides tools to help you to layout your citations and references accurately – please see the links above.

Always check referencing advice given in your programme and module handbooks, and check with your lecturer if you are in any doubt. Failing to acknowledge your sources is plagiarism, which is academic misconduct. Find out more about academic misconduct.

If you need help with Citing and Referencing, postgraduates, researchers and staff should contact and undergraduates should contact

How do I Cite and Reference?

Whenever you have used any source to inform your work, you must cite it in your text and add it to a properly-formatted reference list at the end of your work.  You need to cite all the evidence, ideas, theories, data or direct quotes – or indeed anything else – that you found in someone else’s work. Learn more about the basics of referencing.

How to reference using the Harvard system for books, articles, newspapers and other work

Examples of many more types of material can be found in Cite Them Right Online.

Citing and Referencing for Financial Databases with no URLs

Some of our specialist financial databases, such as Bloomberg, Eikon and Morningstar, do not have URLs to direct your readers to. Follow the instructions in Cite Them Right to cite and reference these databases:

You would cite these references in your text using the database name and the year of publication or last update, for instance (Bloomberg, 2017). If you have several references to the same database in the same year, follow the instructions in Cite Them Right Online under Citing sources published in the same year by the same author.

The most important thing about constructing your reference list is that is remains consistent, so if you are in doubt about how to reference something and must make a guess, look carefully at other types of references in the same style and construct it to match as well as you can.


Basics of Referencing Video