Technical standards are established norms or requirements with regard to technical systems. A patent confers upon its holder, for a limited period, the right to exclude others from exploiting (making, using, selling, importing) the patented invention, except with the consent of the patent owner.
IEEE Xplore provides access to content from IEEE as well as the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET). It contains full text of almost one-third of the world’s current literature in electrical engineering, communications, and computer science, including highly-cited peer-reviewed journals, conference proceedings and standards and some archive material from the 1880s.
Scopus is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature: scientific journals, books and conference proceedings. It covers international research output in the fields of science, technology, medicine, social sciences, and arts and
humanities and has smart tools to track, analyse and visualise research.