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Business library guide for online courses

Explore this library guide using the menu on the left to help you choose the right information source for your work. Contact your librarian if you need help or advice.

Citing and Referencing for Business


Accurate citing and referencing is good academic practice, it enhances the presentation of your work, and can improve your marks. The Business School uses Harvard Style. Citations should be given in the form of the author’s surname and the year in brackets in the text wherever you have used other people’s work. Library Services provides tools to help you to layout your citations and references accurately – please see the links above.

Always check referencing advice given in your programme and module handbooks, and check with your lecturer if you are in any doubt. Failing to acknowledge your sources is plagiarism, which is academic misconduct.

If you need help with Citing and Referencing, postgraduates, researchers and staff should contact undergraduates should contact

How do I Cite and Reference?

Whenever you have used any source to inform your work, you must cite it in your text and add it to a properly-formatted reference list at the end of your work.  You need to cite all the evidence, ideas, theories, data or direct quotes – or indeed anything else – that you found in someone else’s work. Learn more about the basics of referencing.

How to reference using the Harvard system for books, articles, newspapers and other work

Examples of many more types of material can be found in Cite Them Right Online.

Avoiding plagiarism

Plagiarism is using the words, work or ideas of others and passing them off as your own. Plagiarism is not only something that is taken seriously at University, but also in the real world. This section will give you practical advice about plagiarism and how to avoid it at University, but importantly will equip you with the knowledge and skills to take into your career.

Managing your references

RefWorks is an bibliographic software tool which allows you to manage your research material by importing and adding your references to an online database. You can then manage your references and use their details to insert into text documents and create bibliographies and, share with your colleagues.