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Citing and Referencing

What is Citing and Referencing?

Citing and referencing is how you acknowledge the articles, books and other resources that you used when creating your academic work. In-text citations show which source you are referring to, and at the end of your work a Reference List gives the full details of the source so your reader can find it again.

Accurate citing and referencing is good academic practice, it enhances the presentation of your work, and can improve your marks. Always check referencing advice given in your programme and module handbooks, and check with your lecturer if you are in any doubt.

If you need help with Citing and Referencing, please contact your Subject or Research Librarian.

Key points for citing referencing

  • Always cite and acknowledge other people's work and ideas.
  • Follow the guidance in the course/ module handbook.
  • Be clear and consistent.
  • Allow plenty of time to complete your work.

Why Cite and Reference?

When you produce a piece of academic work, it is important to acknowledge other sources that you have used. Citing and referencing is the way that you acknowledge other people's ideas and work in your own essays, assignments and dissertations. In part, it is what makes your work academic.

Remember that if you do not cite and reference your sources, or if you cite and reference them incorrectly, you could face penalties for academic misconduct and plagiarism. 

Key Tools for Citing and Referencing

Bloombsbury Cite Them Right


There are also print copies available in our Libraries at shelf number 808.027 PEA 

Here is a short video introducing Cite Them Right Online:



RefWorks is an online reference management tool that can be used by City students, staff and alumni.

Use RefWorks to:

  • Manage and store your references from projects and dissertations in folders
  • Export references from City Library Search, most academic databases and Google Scholar into your RefWorks library
  • Create and format bibliographies in different styles and generate in-text citations
  • Save PDFs and documents directly from your computer
  • Collaborate and share references with others. 

The RefWorks Library Guide has more information about how to sign up, import references and create bibliographies, as well as information on any upcoming training.