City has a licence with the Educational Recording Agency (ERA) which permits staff to record, for non-commercial educational purposes, broadcast output of ERA Members. Note that many digital-only broadcasters are not covered by the ERA Licence.
Appropriate recordings can be retained, stored and copied and relayed within the establishment, for example shown in class. Note that recordings must be labelled with an ERA notice (‘This recording is to be used only for educational and non-commercial purposes under the terms of the ERA Licence’), the name of the broadcaster, and the date and title of the recording.
Recordings may be made available via Moodle with the proviso that they are not accessible outside the UK.
Staff may show broadcasts from the BBC iPlayer, the ITV Player and Channel 4's 4oD service providing this is for educational purposes but these may not be recorded.
For details of what is both permitted and not permitted under the terms of the University's Educational Recording Agency (ERA+) Licence, please see the ERA website.
You may also use the Box of Broadcasts service to make your own collection of TV clips and programmes.
The law allows commercially produced DVDs to be shown in lectures (and a copy to be made to allow this if necessary) for educational purposes. No more of the DVD than is necessary for the purpose should be shown, but it can be included in a recording.
A digital copy of a DVD may not normally be placed on a network (even a secure one like Moodle) without permission from the rightsholder.
If the DVD is not commercially available, then it is necessary to contact the production company. It may be necessary to obtain an educational licence from the company.
Any other use of a DVD will require a licence (e.g., showing for entertainment purposes). More information is available from the Government website.
Holding a showing of a complete sound recording, film or broadcast, outside of a lecture, to teachers and students on University premises as part of educational activities, is permitted by copyright law, if there is a good educational reason to show the complete work.
Note though that this does not apply to a student film club or similar showing films to students in general for entertainment purposes, even if on University premises - a licence will be necessary.
Bear in mind that much material on YouTube is posted by third parties without permission. If rightsholders raise an objection to their material being used in this way it is likely to be removed from the site. If you link to or embed YouTube clips make sure they have been posted there by the person or organisation to whom that material belongs. If in doubt, judge how professional the video looks, or whether it has been posted by a recognised body (e.g., a broadcaster, an educational establishment).
It is always important to consider copyright when using video-based material to support teaching and learning.
Lecturers making their own video (of a lecture to make it available on Moodle, for example) might assume that they automatically hold copyright of such material, but there can be pitfalls. Care should be taken not to include material which originates in other sources: diagrams from books, for example, or accompanying music. In order to legally include this type of material, permission to do so must be granted by the relevant copyright holders.